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壶艺与茶道相融合——记吴氏陶艺第五代传承人吴海龙

The Integration of Pot art and Tea Ceremony -- Wu Hailong, the fifth generation inheritors of Wu's pottery art


 中国艺星网/编发/愉快

Chinese art star/editor/happy



国家级工艺美术大师吴海龙是吴氏陶艺第五代传人,他创立的紫砂陶艺品牌“吴氏金鼎壶”汇聚了百年匠心、千年文化,以独具特色的非物质文化遗产成为国家注册商标,走出国门,享誉全球。吴海龙还将壶艺和茶道深度融合,不仅使“吴氏金鼎壶”赏心悦目,具有艺术价值和审美功能,而且在赏壶品茶后养生健体。

吴海龙善于挖掘和总结吴氏前辈的养生经验,有一套独特的保健理念。他深谙壶艺,也熟知茶道。因为紫砂壶的实用功能,首推以壶煮茶泡茶。捧壶论紫砂,饮茶谈茶道,使壶艺与茶道融为一体,是一种高雅的文化艺术活动,凝聚了古代先贤的文化智慧。进入现代文明社会,呼应现代人新的生活方式,满足日益进步的物质需求和精神追求。吴海龙追本溯源,由壶艺推究茶道。他认为,茶起源于中国,兴盛于唐宋,吸天地之精华,伴日月而生长。

随着茶文化的不断拓展,紫砂文化随之兴起。宜兴紫砂壶享有“世间茶具称为首”之美誉,究其原因,在于其与茶文化的深度融合中,呈现出在材质、工艺、使用功能及文化上无可比拟的优势。紫砂泥矿土是宜兴特有的一种含铁质、黏土质和粉矿岩的自然特殊矿土,被称为“岩中岩”“泥中泥”。紫砂矿土经风化、粉碎、炼制后的泥料具有可塑性强、干燥收缩率小及透气性好的特点。细细欣赏他的每一件作品,从壶身、壶钮、壶嘴至把手,都是相互呼应,相得益彰,构成一个和谐完美的艺术整体。这里,我们不妨一起来欣赏他的两件代表作品。

其一是“哈密瓜壶”。吴海龙选用了温润细腻的黄龙山段泥,以新疆出产的哈密瓜为壶体,以瓜的枝、藤、叶分别作为壶的把手、壶嘴、壶钮,以不同颜色的段泥装饰壶体纹理,采用立体造型的手法,把饱满的枝叶通过壶把巧妙地覆盖到壶面上,丝丝入扣,惟妙惟肖。哈密瓜粗糙的表皮、鲜嫩的枝叶,逼真细腻、婀娜多姿,在大自然中焕发出蓬勃向上的生命气息,高奏出一曲生机勃勃的田园牧歌。那小小的一把壶,既是大自然产物的真实写照,又是创作者才思的艺术结晶。

其二是“彩蝶壶”。吴海龙采用虚实结合的手法,以一个花瓣为壶面,以一只舞动的花蝴蝶为壶钮,以花藤叶蔓作为壶把壶嘴,前后呼应。正面欣赏,花瓣盛开,藤摇叶卷,一只花蝴蝶翩翩而来,舞动着伏扑于花蕊之上,尽情吮吸着大自然的芬芳。壶型饱满,线条挺括,删繁就简,高雅脱俗。几种不同色彩的泥料丰富了整体造型,十分和谐,给人带来一幅风拂花香、蝶飞春暖的美丽图景。动与静的结合更使人赏心悦目。以上两件作品都在国家级比赛中荣获金奖。

“吴氏金鼎壶”成型以后,吴海龙小心翼翼地加以干燥到一定程度后,进入老窑烧制,其窑温必须保证在1150度以上。其绞泥壶用的是祖传配方,每一件泥在色彩的搭配和份量的分配上都有不同变化。均以纱布包裹数天后打压,而且都是双面绞泥,穿透力非常强,烧制也不容易开裂。

吴海龙还十分讲究茗壶的取水和用水。取来的泉水出于紫砂水缸,然后以他的养生壶烧煮沸腾后,再加以过滤。壶里的茶水取其5公分以上部分,因为在5公分下的茶水含有超量的重金属元素。

他依据日趋盛行的“茶道”,采用多样化的制壶手法,设计制作出与新的饮茶方式相匹配的茗壶杰作。或雕或缕,或捏或塑,他将一段段紫泥演绎为一件件精美的保健艺术品,既有养生实用功能,又有赏心悦目的审美价值。他制作的养生光器外形精致,轮廓分明,简洁高雅。他出品的养生花器造型逼真,纹理清晰,疏密有致。他仿效苏东坡制作的提梁养生壶,造型高古,壶体与提梁虚实对比,直线干净利落,曲线流畅奔放,静如高僧静坐,吉祥安逸;曲似美女浣纱,流水有声。

Wu Hailong, a national master of arts and crafts, is the fifth generation successor of Wu's pottery. The purple clay pottery brand "Wu's Golden Triding Pot" founded by him has gathered the originality and culture of one hundred years. It has become a national registered trademark as a unique intangible cultural heritage and enjoys a global reputation abroad. Wu Hailong also deeply integrates pot art and tea ceremony, which not only makes "Wu's golden tripod pot" pleasing to the eye, has artistic value and aesthetic function, but also keeps healthy after enjoying the pot and drinking tea.

Wu Hailong is good at digging and summarizing the health experience of wu's predecessors, and has a unique health care concept. He is well versed in the art of pot and the tea ceremony. Because of the practical function of the teapot, the first push to pot tea brewing. It is an elegant cultural and artistic activity, which embodies the cultural wisdom of ancient sages. Enter the modern civilization society, echo the new life style of modern people, meet the material demand and spiritual pursuit of increasing progress. Wu Hailong traced the origin of the tea ceremony to the teapot art. He believed that tea originated in China, flourished in the Tang and Song Dynasties, and grew with the sun and moon by absorbing the essence of heaven and earth.

With the continuous development of tea culture, purple sand culture emerged. Yixing zisha teapot enjoys the reputation of "the first tea set in the world". The reason lies in its deep integration with tea culture, showing incomparable advantages in material, technology, function and culture. Zisha mud ore soil is a kind of special natural ore soil containing iron, clay and silty rock, which is called "rock in rock" and "mud in mud". After weathering, crushing and refining, the clay of purple sand ore has the characteristics of strong plasticity, small shrinkage and good air permeability. Appreciate each of his works carefully, from the body of the pot, the button, the spout to the handle, are echoing each other, complement each other, constitute a harmonious and perfect artistic whole. Here, let's take a look at two of his representative works.

One is the cantaloupe pot. Wu chose Huang Longshan period of mud of wen run is exquisite, produce of hami melon in xinjiang as the pot body, with melon, vines and leaves respectively as, spout, pot pot handle knob, embellished with different color piece of clay pot body texture, use the technique of three-dimensional modelling, ably to cover the full of branches by pot into the pot, interesting, perfectly. The rough skin of hami melon, fresh and tender branches and leaves, realistic and delicate, graceful, in nature coruscating a vigorous and up life breath, played a lively idyllic song. That small pot is not only a true portrayal of the product of nature, but also the artistic crystallization of the creator's ideas.

The second is the "butterfly pot". Wu hailong uses a combination of virtual and real techniques, with a flower petal as the pot face, a dancing flower butterfly as the button, and flower vine leaves as the mouth of the pot, before and after the echo. Positive appreciation, petals in full bloom, rattan shake leaf roll, a flower butterfly fluttering and dancing fu pu on the stamen, enjoy sucking the fragrance of nature. Full pot shape, crisp lines, simplified, elegant and free from vulgarity. Several different colors of mud enrich the overall shape, very harmonious, bring people a wind blowing flowers, butterfly flying spring warm beautiful picture. The combination of movement and stillness is more pleasing to the eye. Both of these works won gold MEDALS in national competitions.

After the "Wu's Golden cauldron pot" is formed, Wu Hailong carefully dries it to a certain extent and then fires it in the old kiln. The temperature of the kiln must be above 1150 degrees. The clay pot is an ancestral recipe, and each piece of mud has different colors and portions. Are wrapped in gauze for a few days after the pressure, and are double-sided mud, penetration is very strong, firing is not easy to crack.

Wu hailong is also very particular about the water and water in the tea pot. The spring water was taken from the purple clay water tank and boiled in his health pot before being filtered. The tea in the pot should be more than 5 cm, because the tea under 5 cm contains excessive amounts of heavy metals.

According to the increasingly popular "tea ceremony", he used a variety of kettle making techniques to design and produce masterpieces matching the new way of drinking tea. Or carving or wisp, or knead or plastic, he will be sections of purple mud into a delicate health care works of art, not only health practical function, but also pleasing aesthetic value. The health light he made is exquisite in shape, clear in outline, simple and elegant. He produced the health of the flower device modeling realistic, clear texture, density. He imitated su Dongpo's handlebar health pot, the shape is ancient, the pot body and the handlebar contrast, the straight line is clean and neat, the curve is smooth and unbridled, quiet as a monk sitting quietly, auspicious and comfortable; Song like beauty silk washing, water sound.


吴海龙作品赏析

Appreciation of Wu Hailong's Works


一、百福天下,原矿紫砂,吴海龙紫砂艺术作品   220万元

A hundred blessing the world, raw ore purple sand, Wu Hailong purple sand art works 2.2 million yuan

二、嫦娥奔月,原矿紫泥   230万元

Two, Chang 'e flies to the moon, the raw ore purple mud 2.3 million yuan

三、绞泥石瓢壶,原矿紫泥,吴海龙艺术作品   230万

3. Mud and stone ladle, raw ore purple mud, Wu Hailong's art works of 2.3 million yuan

四、合花壶,老紫泥   230万

Four, the flower pot, old purple mud 2.3 million

五、龙凤呈祥,本山绿泥,230万元。

Five, dragon and phoenix chengxiang, benshan green mud, 2.3 million yuan.

六、大新辰壶(绞泥)吴海龙作品   180万元

Six, big new Chen Pot (ground mud) Wu Hailong works 1.8 million yuan

七、如意壶,绞泥,价格210万元

Ruyi pot, ground mud, the price of 2.1 million yuan

八、狮子壶,绞泥   230万

Eight, lion pot, ground mud 2.3 million

九、菱花壶,本山绿泥   230万

Ninth, water chestnut flower pot, this mountain green mud 2.3 million

十、云龙壶,大红袍泥,价格220万元

10. Yunlong teapot, dahongpao clay, price 2.2 million yuan

十一、淡泊明志160万元

Eleven, indifferent to Ming Chi 1.6 million yuan

十二、沙漠开邦,段泥   230万

XII. Desert open state, section of mud 2.3 million

十三、彩蝶壶,原矿紫泥   230万

13. Colored butterfly pot, 2.3 million raw ore purple mud

十四、仿古壶,原矿紫泥   230万

XIV. Antique pot, 2.3 million raw ore purple mud

十五、仿古壶,180万元,原矿紫泥

15. Antique pot, 1.8 million yuan, raw ore purple mud

十六、一带一路 198万元

16. One Belt And One Road 1.98 million Yuan

十七、竹编壶,185万元,原矿紫泥

17. Bamboo weaving kettle, 1.85 million yuan, raw ore purple mud

十八、凤凰壶,230万元,低槽清泥

Eighteenth, phoenix pot, 2.3 million yuan, low trough mud

十九、八面玲珑壶,230万元,大红袍泥

Nineteen, the eight-faced exquisite pot, 2.3 million yuan, Da Hong Pao mud

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