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雅昌特别推荐(中国艺术品软黄金)工艺美术大师吴海龙

Artron special recommend (Chinese art soft gold) arts and crafts master Wu Hailong



中国艺星网/编发/自然

China Yixing network/braiding/nature



【艺术简历】

吴海龙,中国工艺美术大师(第六届)、紫砂壶型设计大师、中国国礼特供艺术家、中阿经贸合作论坛艺术宣传大使、中华民族伟大复兴杰出贡献人物、中华民族杰出艺术家、中国国际现代艺术研究中心终身艺术顾问、中国文化遗产保护传承人物。宜兴吴门,百年传承。吴氏陶艺第五代传人吴海龙从小聪明智慧,幼随父习艺,薰艺家风,承前启后,把吴氏紫砂绝艺发扬光大。1972年,吴海龙即随父研究紫砂陶艺,一以贯之传承并创新。作品均以天然原材料为主,采用吴家传统工艺和创新技法,突出其精湛的技艺,自成一体,独创吴氏重传统更重创新的风格。吴海龙自幼乐于收藏,从家藏老壶中传承并创新,他设计的紫砂壶外形既尊重传统,又“方非一式,圆不一相”,突出变化,外形既古雅时尚、又朴实自然。其作品寓意于壶,还魂于砂,严谨而不泥古,典雅也趣于天然。他的紫砂作品多次荣获海内外国际性及国家级金奖,被人民大会堂、中南海艺术馆、国家博物馆、中国农业博物馆等纷纷收藏。

2002年,创作的《春意》作品荣获中国工艺美术精品博览会金奖;2006年,创作的《竹韵》作品荣获中国工艺美术百花奖评选金奖;2009年,《寿桃壶》在第六届中国国际茶业博览会精品茗壶评选中荣获金奖;2012年,《小竹扁壶》作品在江苏省陶瓷行业协会手工制陶大塞中荣获一等奖;2016年,《绞泥石扁壶》、《四方传炉壶》和《彩蝶壶》被中南海艺术馆收藏;2017年,在宜兴博物馆举办的民间传统工艺美术博览会中,《一带一路》作品荣获金奖;2019年,作品《哈密瓜壶》荣获中国轻工业联合会首届“百鹤杯”工艺美术设计创新大赛百鹤奖。2020年2月,吴海龙被中国管理科学院企业研究所聘为工艺美术特约研究员。2020年9月10日,吴海龙大师受邀参加由故宫博物院主办的“丹宸永固——紫禁城建成六百年”展开幕式。

壶艺茶道相融合·养生保健胜妙方

——吴海龙紫砂养生产业初探


【 Art Resume 】

Wu, arts and crafts master of China (the sixth), recommended design masters, the Chinese country gift for artists, china-arab economic cooperation and trade BBS art propaganda ambassador, the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation outstanding characters, the Chinese nation outstanding artists, China international centre for the study of modern art life art consultants, China cultural heritage protection. Yixing wu gate, a hundred years of inheritance. The fifth generation of Wu pottery Wu Hailong is wise and wise, young with his father to learn art, aromaarts family style, the past and the future, carry forward the Wu purple sand skills. In 1972, Wu Hailong followed his father to study purple clay pottery, a consistent inheritance and innovation. Works are based on natural raw materials, using the traditional craft and innovative techniques of the Wu family, highlighting its exquisite skills, their own, the original Wu heavy tradition more hit the new style. Wu Hailong has been interested in collecting since his childhood, inheriting and innovating from old teapots in his home collection. The appearance of the teapots designed by him respects the tradition, but also highlights the changes, and the appearance is both quaint, fashionable, simple and natural. His works imply in the pot, return to the sand, rigorous but not mud ancient, elegant and interesting in nature. His purple clay works have won many international and national gold awards at home and abroad, and have been collected by the Great Hall of the People, Zhongnanhai Art Museum, National Museum of China, and China Agricultural Museum.

In 2002, the creation of "spring" work won the gold medal of China Arts and Crafts Fair; In 2006, his work "Bamboo Rhyme" won the gold award of Hundred Flowers Award of Chinese Arts and Crafts. In 2009, "Longevity Peach Pot" won the gold medal in the selection of fine tea teapots at the Sixth China International Tea Industry Expo. In 2012, "Bamboo Flat Pot" won the first prize in Jiangsu Ceramic Industry Association Handmade Ceramic Plug; In 2016, "Grindstone Flat Pot", "Quartet Chuan Furnace Pot" and "Colorful Butterfly Pot" were collected by Zhongnanhai Art Museum; In 2017, in the Folk Traditional Arts and Crafts Exhibition held by Yixing Museum, the work One Belt And One Road won the gold prize; In 2019, the work "Hami Melon Pot" won the first "Baihe Cup" Arts and Crafts Design Innovation Competition Baihe Award by China Light Industry Federation. In February 2020, Wu Hailong was appointed as a special researcher of arts and crafts by the Enterprise Research Institute of Chinese Academy of Management. On September 10, 2020, Master Wu Hailong was invited to attend the opening ceremony of "Dan Chen Yonggu -- Six Hundred Years of the Forbidden City" hosted by the Palace Museum.

Pot art tea ceremony integration · health care winning magic formula

-- Preliminary study on the purple sand health industry of Wu Hailong


国家级工艺美术大师吴海龙是吴氏陶艺第五代传人,他创立的紫砂陶艺品牌“吴氏金鼎壶”汇聚了百年匠心,千年文化,以独具特色的非物质文化遗产成为国家注册商标。走出国门,享誉全球。吴海龙还将壶艺和茶道深度融合,不仅使“吴氏金鼎壶”赏心悦目,具有很强的艺术价值和审美功能,而且在赏壶品茶后养生健体,很好地起到了非药物疗法之功效,广受国内外紫砂和茶艺圈内人的青睐。

吴海龙善于挖掘和总结吴氏前辈的养生经验,有一套独特的保健理念。他深谙壶艺,也熟知茶道。因为紫砂壶的实用功能,首推以壶煮茶泡茶。捧壶论紫砂,饮茶谈茶道,使壶艺与茶道融为一体,是一种高雅的文化艺术活动,凝聚了古代先贤的文化智慧。进入现代文明社会,呼应现代人新的生活方式,满足日益进步的物质需求和精神追求。吴海龙追本溯源,由壶艺推究茶道。他认为,茶起源于中国,兴盛于唐宋,吸天地之精华,伴日月而生长。他说“神农尝百草,日遇七十二毒,得茶而解之”。于是,茶叶由原始森林吸云饮露的草木成为人们消毒提神、解乏去困的仙药。古人早就以茶叶调制冲泡,既是“柴米油盐酱醋茶”开门七件事不可或缺的日常生活,又是“琴棋书画诗酒茶”文人雅士精神文化生活的重要元素。我国有悠久的茶文化,经过一代代茶人之巧手,培育制作了六大类数千种茶叶。其绿茶、红茶、白茶、青茶、黄茶、黑茶,加上龙井、祁红、大红袍、黄金桂不同的地域特色,形态多异,蔚为壮观。长期的养生实践已经充分证明,喝茶能使人焕发精神、延年益寿。相传唐代唐玄宗之女永乐公主自幼体弱多病,面容干瘪,后经高人指点,经常泡茶饮服,后来出落得如花似玉、异常健美。根据科学测试,茶中含有丰富的生物碱、蛋白质、氨基酸、微量元素等多种营养成分,长久饮服,能增进食欲、溶解脂肪、抑菌消炎、提神健脑。茶本身已包含了深厚的文化,不负上苍厚爱,既是物质的,也是精神的,形成了多姿多彩的茶道茶艺文化。由形而下的生活方式上升为形而上的精神享受,登入文化殿堂雅座,注入文化、饮食、人生等哲理元素,同时讲究品饮艺术,从选茗、选水、备具、烹煮至品饮,追求美的享受。小小一片茶叶,吸取日月精华,在优质泉水中自我膨胀开来,将精华融入茶水,使人的精气神得到充分蓄养,升华到一个新的境界。

随着茶文化的不断拓展,紫砂文化随之兴起。宜兴紫砂壶享有“世间茶具称为首”之美誉,究其原因,在于其与茶文化的深度融合中,呈现出在材质、工艺、使用功能及文化上无可比拟的优势。紫砂泥矿土是宜兴特有的一种含铁质、黏土质和粉矿岩的自然特殊矿土,被称为“岩中岩”“泥中泥”。紫砂矿土经风化、粉碎、炼制后的泥料具有可塑性强、干燥收缩率小及透气性好的特点。紫砂泥具有较强的粘合力,不粘手、不粘工具,有良好的成型性能,使制壶艺人自由发挥,创作出千姿百态的紫砂茗壶。“吴氏金鼎壶”就是紫砂百花园中的一朵奇葩,在光货、方货和花货制作中,形成了自己独特的技艺。吴海龙家中珍藏了数吨黄龙山紫泥,有底槽清、天青泥、老紫泥、紫茄泥等。吴海龙传承吴氏先人的工匠精神,重视制壶的每一道工序,每一个细,首先就是选取优质的紫砂泥料。在此基础上,他勤于观察,精心构思,巧妙设计,将吴氏家传的审美理念恰到好处的融入每一件作品之中。细细欣赏他的每一件作品,从壶身、壶钮、壶嘴至把手,都是相互呼应,相得益彰,构成一个和谐完美的艺术整体。这里,我们不妨一起来欣赏他的两件代表作品。

其一是“哈密瓜壶”。吴海龙选用了温润细腻的黄龙山段泥,以新疆出产的哈密瓜为壶体,以瓜的枝、藤、叶分别作为壶的把手、壶嘴、壶钮,以不同颜色的段泥装饰壶体纹理,采用立体造型的手法,把饱满的枝叶通过壶把巧妙地覆盖到壶面上,丝丝入扣,惟妙惟肖。哈密瓜粗糙的表皮、鲜嫩的枝叶,逼真细腻、婀娜多姿,在大自然中焕发出蓬勃向上的生命气息,高奏出一曲生机勃勃的田园牧歌。那小小的一把壶,既是大自然产物的真实写照,又是创作者才思的艺术结晶。

其二是“彩蝶壶”。吴海龙采用虚实结合的手法,以一个花瓣为壶面,以一只舞动的花蝴蝶为壶钮,以花藤叶蔓作为壶把壶嘴,前后呼应。正面欣赏,花瓣盛开,藤摇叶卷,一只花蝴蝶翩翩而来,舞动着伏扑于花蕊之上,尽情吮吸着大自然的芬芳。壶型饱满,线条挺括,删繁就简,高雅脱俗。几种不同色彩的泥料丰富了整体造型,十分和谐,给人带来一幅风拂花香、蝶飞春暖的美丽图景。动与静的结合更使人赏心悦目。以上两件作品都在国家级比赛中荣获金奖。

“吴氏金鼎壶”成型以后,吴海龙小心翼翼的加以干燥到一定程度以后,进入老窑烧制,其窑温必须保证在1150度以上。其绞泥壶用的是祖传配方,每一件泥在色彩的搭配和份量的分配上都有不同变化。均以纱布包裹数天后打压,而且都是双面绞泥,穿透力非常强,烧制也不容易开裂。

为了真正起到养生保健效果,吴海龙还十分讲究茗壶的取水和用水。取来的泉水出于紫砂水缸,然后以他的养生壶烧煮沸腾后,再加以过滤。在壶里的茶水取其5公分以上的,因为在5公分下的茶水含有超量的重金属元素。饮茶还需讲究时间差异,上午喝绿茶,可以消炎排毒。茶能杀死胃肠粘膜里的细菌,减轻细菌的毒性,起到消炎止泻的作用,并有一种强力的抗氧化功能,抑制细胞衰老,抑制致癌物质。下午饮红茶,能增进食欲,促进胃肠蠕动,加快消化吸收,还能扩张心脏血管,改善心肌供血,调节脂肪代谢,降低胆固醇,防止心脑血管疾病的发生。

人的肉体受控于生物基因,而人的灵魂受到先于个体存在的“文化基因”的控制。吴海龙认为茶具具有使人健康的物质基础,又有让人愉悦的精神涵养,从美的感受中调节心理,使心理健康与躯体健康并驾齐驱,拥有“健康养老”的人生福祉。坚守先辈古朴严谨的传统工艺,继承高雅简练的独特技法,注重表达力度和生命气息。他依据日趋盛行的“茶道”,采用多样化的制壶手法,设计制作出与新的饮茶方式相匹配的茗壶杰作。他或雕或缕,或捏或塑,将一段段紫泥演绎为一件件精美的保健艺术品,既有养生实用功能,又有赏心悦目的审美价值。他制作的养生光器外形精致,轮廓分明,简洁高雅。他出品的养生花器造型逼真,纹理清晰,疏密有致。他仿效苏东坡制作的提梁养生壶,造型高古,壶体与提梁虚实对比,直线干净利落,曲线流畅奔放,静如高僧静坐,吉祥安逸;曲似美女浣纱,流水有声。

吴海龙精湛的壶艺能养气。他依据紫砂泥的柔性和色彩,从造型、刻章、铭文、绘画到篆刻,都洋溢着文化情趣,跟随他的构思来感悟。可以跟道家学大气,跟佛家学静气,跟儒家学正气,让人大道为心,自然为意,日月为形,天地为神,进入养生仙境。

“吴氏金鼎壶”能养心。修身在于养心,养心务求本真。品茶中把玩茗壶,通过茶人的口、舌、鼻、眼、手等感官充分体会与享受。捧于手中,舒筋活血;饮茶生津,温及肠胃;纯洁真诚,沁入脑际;自然天成,享受无穷乐趣。

在社会进步,经济发展,物质财富增加,生活节奏加快的时代背景下,人们在追求物质享受,保障身体健康的同时,更加注重对精神文化的追求。青山绿水,碧野芳草,茗壶泡茶,美妙绝伦。为进一步促进紫砂文化和养生事业的发展,吴海龙先后创办了“吴氏陶艺”、“吴海龙紫砂艺术馆”和 “藏紫阁”。作为对外交流的重要窗口,由此吸引了海内外无数爱好者的目光。许多人纷至沓来,在传统的饮茶习惯的基础上变得更加丰富多彩。吴海龙始终不忘家风家训,“一生只做一件事,一事只怀一颗心”,将他的壶艺和茶道深度融合,把非药物疗法的紫砂养生事业推向一个新的境地。            

Wu Hailong, a national master of arts and crafts, is the fifth generation descendant of Wu's ceramic art. The purple clay ceramic art brand "Wu's Golden Triping Pot" founded by him has brought together a hundred years of craftsmanship and a thousand years of culture, and has become a national registered trademark with its unique intangible cultural heritage. Go abroad and enjoy a worldwide reputation. Wu Hailong also deeply integrates pot art and tea ceremony, which not only makes "Wu's Golden Tripping Pot" pleasing to the eye and has a strong artistic value and aesthetic function, but also plays a role of non-drug therapy after appreciating the pot and tea, which is widely favored by domestic and foreign purple sand and tea art circles.

Wu Hailong is good at digging and summarizing the health care experience of Wu's predecessors, and has a unique health care concept. He is well versed in pot art and tea ceremony. Because of the practical function of the purple sand teapot, the first to pot tea brewing tea. Holding a pot to discuss purple sand, drinking tea to talk about tea ceremony, so that pot art and tea ceremony are integrated, is a kind of elegant cultural and artistic activities, condensing the cultural wisdom of ancient sages. Entering the modern civilized society, echoing the new life style of modern people, meeting the increasingly progressive material needs and spiritual pursuit. Wu Hailong traces the origin of the tea ceremony from the pot art. He believed that tea originated in China and thrived in the Tang and Song dynasties, absorbing the essence of heaven and earth and growing with the sun and the moon. He said, "When Shennong tasted a hundred herbs, he encountered seventy-two poisons a day and got tea to solve them." Then, the vegetation that tea absorbs cloud to drink dew by primitive forest becomes people disinfect refreshing, discharge tired go trapped fairy medicine. Ancient people have long made tea brewing, which is not only the indispensable daily life of "firewood, rice, oil, salt, sauce and vinegar tea", but also an important element of the spiritual and cultural life of literati and elegant men and women. China has a long tea culture, after generations of tea people skilled hands, cultivation and production of six categories of thousands of tea. Its green tea, black tea, white tea, green tea, yellow tea, black tea, coupled with Longjing, Qi Hong, Da Hong Pao, Huanggui different regional characteristics, the form of many different, spectacular. Long-term health practice has proved that drinking tea can rejuvenate one's spirits and prolong one's life. According to legend, Princess Yongle, the daughter of Emperor Xuanzong of the Tang Dynasty, was weak and sickly since childhood, and her face was withered. After being instructed by senior people, she often made tea and drank. Later, she became as beautiful as a flower and extremely fit. According to scientific test, tea contains rich alkaloid, protein, amino acid, trace elements and other nutrients, long drink, can promote appetite, dissolve fat, anti-bacterial anti-inflammatory, refreshing and healthy brain. Tea itself contains profound culture, not only material, but also spiritual, forming a colorful tea ceremony and tea art culture. From the physical way of life to the metaphysical spiritual enjoyment, enter the cultural palace, inject culture, diet, life and other philosophical elements, at the same time pay attention to the art of drinking, from the selection of tea, water, preparation, cooking to drinking, the pursuit of beauty enjoyment. A small piece of tea, absorbing the essence of the sun and the moon, expands itself in the high-quality spring water, integrates the essence into the tea, so that people's spirit is fully stored and nurtured, and sublimates to a new realm.

With the continuous expansion of tea culture, purple sand culture arose. Yixing zisha teapot enjoys the reputation of "the best tea set in the world". The reason lies in its deep integration with tea culture, showing incomparable advantages in material, technology, use function and culture. The zisha clay ore is a special natural ore in Yixing, which contains iron, clay and silt rock. It is called "rock in rock" and "mud in mud". Zisha ore soil after weathering, crushing, refining mud with strong plasticity, dry shrinkage rate is small and good air permeability. Purple clay has strong adhesion force, and does not stick to hands and tools. It has good forming performance, which enables the teapot maker to give free play to create various kinds of purple clay teapots. "Wu's golden tripod pot" is a wonderful flower in the garden of purple sand. It has formed its own unique skills in the production of light goods, square goods and flower goods. Wu Hailong home collection of tons of Huanglongshan purple mud, bottom trough clear, azure mud, old purple mud, purple eggplant mud, etc. Wu Hailong inherits the spirit of craftsman of Wu's ancestors, attaches importance to each process of pot making, each fine, the first is to choose high quality purple sand mud material. On this basis, he is diligent in observation, careful conception, ingenious design, the aesthetic concept of the Wu family is properly integrated into each work. Every piece of his works, from the body, the knob, the spout to the handle, all respond to each other and complement each other, forming a harmonious and perfect artistic whole. Here, we might as well enjoy his two representative works.

One is the "cantaloupe pot." Wu chose Huang Longshan period of mud of wen run is exquisite, produce of hami melon in xinjiang as the pot body, with melon, vines and leaves respectively as, spout, pot pot handle knob, embellished with different color piece of clay pot body texture, use the technique of three-dimensional modelling, ably to cover the full of branches by pot into the pot, interesting, perfectly. Hami melon rough skin, fresh branches and leaves, realistic and delicate, graceful, in nature coruscate a vigorous life, high play a vibrant pastoral song. That small pot is not only the true portrayal of the product of nature, but also the artistic crystallization of the creator's talent.

The second is the "colored butterfly pot". Wu Hailong uses the technique of combination of virtual and real, using a petal as the pot face, a dancing flower butterfly as the pot button, and the flower vine and leaf as the handle and spout, echoing before and after. Advice appreciation, petal in full bloom, rattan shake leaves to roll, a flower butterfly fluttering and come, dancing Fu flapping on the stamen, sucking the fragrance of nature to the top of one's heart's content. Pot full, straight lines, simplified, elegant and free from vulgarity. The mud material of a few different colors enriched integral modeling, very harmonious, bring a beautiful picture of wind blowing flowers, butterfly flying spring warm. The combination of motion and stillness is even more pleasing to the eye. The above two works have won gold MEDALS in national competitions.

"Wu's golden tripod pot" after forming, Wu Hailong carefully to dry to a certain extent, into the old kiln firing, the kiln temperature must be guaranteed at more than 1150 degrees. Its clay pot is an ancestral formula, and each piece of clay has different variations in color collocation and portion distribution. All wrapped in gauze after a few days of pressure, and are double-sided mud, very strong penetration, firing is not easy to crack.

In order to really play a health care effect, Wu Hailong is also very particular about the intake of water and water pot. The water comes from a purple sand water jar, which is then boiled in his health pot and then filtered. Take more than 5cm of tea in the pot, because the tea under 5cm contains an excessive amount of heavy metals. Drink tea still need to pay attention to time difference, drink green tea in the morning, can anti-inflammatory detoxification. Tea can kill the bacteria in gastrointestinal mucosa, reduce the toxicity of bacteria, play the role of anti-inflammatory and anti-diarrhea, and have a powerful anti-oxidation function, inhibit cell aging, inhibit carcinogenic substances. Afternoon drink black tea, can increase appetite, promote gastrointestinal peristalsis, accelerate digestion and absorption, but also can dilate the heart and blood vessels, improve myocardial blood supply, regulate fat metabolism, reduce cholesterol, prevent the occurrence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.

The human body is controlled by biological genes, while the human soul is controlled by "cultural genes" which exist before the individual. Wu Hailong believes that tea sets have the material basis to make people healthy, but also have pleasant spiritual conservation, psychological adjustment from the feeling of beauty, so that mental health and physical health go hand in hand, with "health for the aged" life well-being. Adhere to the ancestors of the simple and rigorous traditional craft, inherit the elegant and concise unique techniques, pay attention to the expression of strength and life. Based on the increasingly popular "tea ceremony", he used a variety of teapot techniques to design and produce a masterpiece matching with the new way of drinking tea. He or carving or wisp, or kneading or molding, will be a section of purple mud deduction into a piece of exquisite health care works of art, both health and practical functions, and have a pleasing aesthetic value. He made the health light apparatus exquisite appearance, clear - cut, simple and elegant. He produced the health care flower device lifelike shape, clear texture, density. He imitates the handle health care pot made by Su Dongpo, the shape is ancient, the pot body and handle virtual and real contrast, straight line clean, smooth and unrestrained curve, quiet as a monk sitting, auspicious and comfortable; Song is like a beautiful woman washing yarn, flowing water sound.

Wu Hailong's exquisite pot art can nourish qi. According to the flexibility and color of purple clay, from the modeling, inscription, inscription, painting to seal cutting, are permeated with cultural interest, and follow his ideas to feel. You can learn the atmosphere with the Taoist school, with the Buddhist static gas, with the Confucian righteous gas, let the people for the heart, nature for the meaning, the sun and the moon for the form, heaven and earth for god, into the fairyland of health.

"Wu's golden tripod pot" can nourish the heart. Cultivating one's morality is to cultivate one's mind. Cultivating one's mind is to be true to oneself. Playing with a teapot during tea tasting can fully experience and enjoy the tea person's senses such as mouth, tongue, nose, eyes and hands. Hold in your hands, relax muscles and promote blood circulation; Tea Shengjin, warm and stomach; Pure and sincere, gladdening the mind; It's natural and it's fun.

In the context of social progress, economic development, increasing material wealth and accelerating pace of life, people pay more attention to the pursuit of spiritual culture while pursuing material enjoyment and ensuring physical health. Green mountains, green water, green grass, tea pot tea, wonderful. In order to further promote the development of purple sand culture and health undertakings, Wu Hailong successively founded "Wu pottery art", "Wu Hailong purple sand art museum" and "ZiGe". As an important window of external communication, it has attracted the attention of countless enthusiasts at home and abroad. Many people come here to make the traditional tea habit more colorful. Wu Hailong always does not forget the family style, "life only do one thing, one only hold one heart", his pot art and tea ceremony deep integration, the non-drug therapy of purple sand health career to a new situation.


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