网站首页 | 服务内容 | 加入收藏 | 客服电话:18531617186



Purple sand brand history: one hundred years of Chinese purple sand family heritage brand -- Wu's jin Ding brand biography


Chinese art star/editor/happy


Wu jinding family brand biography, has been included in the "brand history · Chinese purple sand brand history" (purple sand brand history) family volume, Zhu Zerong compiled.


Sima qian's historical records Wu Taibo family first "records the taber rush, wu Wu Guowu oh to thrive in the Yangtze river delta in taihu lake area of historical facts, oh as noble family of China since ancient times, a family inheritance, and violet arenaceous family, yixing wu door is prosperous in the hundred years of the republic of China" Wu Desheng system "and the famous" international brand ".


    1 吴德盛紫砂陶器行


   1 Wu Desheng purple pottery house

    Since the westernization group set up industries in China at the end of the Qing Dynasty, the national industry and commerce have been revived, and the printing and pottery industries have slowly recovered from their decline, following the cotton and textile industries and paper industries. Driven by Shanghai, the Yangtze River Delta commercial economy into the vigorous development, while affecting the purple sand industry, Yixing purple sand pot began its highly commercialized road, a purple sand business was established, and then expanded to Wuxi, Shanghai, Hangzhou and Tianjin and other cities throughout the country. With the development of international trade, Yixing purple clay pottery went to Japan, Southeast Asia, and then became popular in Europe and The United States, thus appearing a heyday of the prosperity and development of Yixing purple clay in the 100-year History of Chinese purple clay.


"Brand history" has been included in the version



    The basic marketing model of these firms is to open workshops in Yixing, in Shanghai, Tianjin, Hangzhou, Wuxi and other places to open firms or companies, their teapos by the name of the workers according to the sample production, from Yixing ordered blank burning, and then engraved department firm or company's trademark. In the late Qing Dynasty and the early Republic of China, this new situation is yixing purple sand teapot has not had the prosperity of nearly four hundred years since the mid-Ming Dynasty. It is not only another important change in the history of purple sand brand development, but also a model of pioneering era to lay the classic inheritance of purple sand brand after the new China.

    In the fifth year of the Republic of China (1916), Mr. Wu Hanwen, a famous purple sand potter in the late Qing Dynasty and the ancestor of wu's golden triding in Yixing, founded "Wu Desheng Purple sand Pottery Company" near jiaoqiao, the county seat of Yixing at that time, and became the only firm specializing in purple sand at that time.

宜兴蛟桥(油画) 吴冠中作

Yixing Jiaoqiao (oil painting) by Wu Guanzhong



    Jiaoqiao, known as the long bridge in ancient times, because of the tall and magnificent bridge, long named, is the key road through the north and south of yixing city, has always been the landmark building of Yangxian ancient City, later changed its name to "jiaoqiao" because of the commemoration of the Western Jin Dynasty general Zhou Cut the dumpling.

    In the change of time, jiaoqiao was rebuilt and repaired several times after it was built in the second year of Xingping (195) by Emperor Xian of han Dynasty, which also witnessed the rise and fall of Yixing history. Su Shi had inscribed inscribed stone tablets for Jiaoqiao twice.


Purple clay artist heritage sculpture in Jiaoqiao, Yixing





    Wu Hanwen himself is an excellent purple sand pottery master, determined to specialize in the purple sand business, recruitment of Yixing purple sand artists to make POTS with him at home, Wu Desheng purple sand pottery business under his management gradually rose to fame.

    In order to show the genuine purple sand in Yixing, and all the purple sand pottery companies order goods in Yixing, located in Yixing Wu Desheng purple sand pottery shop is also popular.

    Wu's works, including teapots, cups, tea sets and other utensils, are decorated, painted and calligraphed in a typical Republican style from the early 20th century. Sometimes, wu decheng's pottery is coated with black paint to make the round figures stand out.

    2 吴德盛制




    2. Wu Desheng system 

    During the Period of the Republic of China, Shanghai, Yixing, Wuxi, Hangzhou and other places to specialize in purple sand firms known as the "hall", in the purple sand pot often with pot, depicting the name of the name and the name of the firm (hall), customized mainly for big firms, dignitaries, literators, purple sand quality products. Wu Hanwen in the fifth year of the Republic of China (1916) after the establishment of the "Wu Desheng" number, by many pot makers and ceramic artists specializing in pot, from then on famous.

    The name is carved and stamped on the custom porcelain to write the name of their own name, the name of the feast or the year number. It appeared in large numbers from the Jiajing years of the Ming Dynasty, and has since continued to become increasingly popular. People who enjoy it from the emperor, the royal family, to the fine craftsmen, literati and so on are collected. Since the Qing Dynasty, the purple sand pot specially customized by eminent officials, literati, usually in the body or bottom engraved with the name of the elegant artisan who makes the pot or trade.

    Following the period of the Republic of China, Yixing purple sand is marked with at least two marks, one is the trade name of the manufacturer, the other is the name of the pot maker, so as to identify the authenticity.


Wu Desheng system" name printing



    Wu Desheng purple sand pottery line early "name money" with the seal "Wu Desheng" yangwen 籇 book small square chapter, and the bottom cover. Later printed for yangwen 籇 book generous chapter "Wu Desheng system". Medium printing for the big round chapter yangwen 籇 book "Wu Desheng system", "Yixing Wu Desheng system", there are two round chapter and square chapter.

    Purple clay pottery made by Wu Desheng is now a collection of treasures on the auction market. For example, the clay printing box made by Wu Desheng in the Republic of China auctioned by Xiling Seal Society auction Company is "made by purple clay, simple and elegant, simple, which fits the spirit of literati. This printing clay box is made of clay outside and glazed inside, which is not only beautiful but also of great practical value."

    3 金鼎商标


    3 Jinding trademark

    In 1921, Wu Hanwen again registered and created the famous trademark "Jinding trademark" of the Republic of China, jinding trademark printing in the center of the ding as a pattern, a round chapter, in a ding, ding body has "De Sheng" seal body two words, four corners of the yangwen regular script "Jinding trademark" regular script four words, as "Wu Desheng" shop number set pot special printing.


"Jinding trademark" name stamp




    Wu Desheng pottery company is one of the earliest companies with trademark awareness in the history of Chinese purple sand brand. The design of "Jin Ding trademark" is ingenious and unique. The three characters "Wu Desheng" are deformed and combined into a tripod pattern, with four corners surrounding the four characters of jin Ding trademark and a circle as the edge.

    Golden times in the early 20th century the emergence of yixing purple sand, because since ancient times to the modern era of literati, dominate the yixing purple sand has become the past, the Shanghai industrial and commercial prosperity of the republic of China at this time, international trade has been in vogue, industrialists, craft artists have become dominant yixing purple sand for industry and commerce new style of similar weather. Their customized purple sand POTS began to be printed with "shop number trade name", purple sand products also have "registered trademark", and the name of the producer. They have set up pottery shops to sell purple sand products all over the country and even the world, which has entered an important period of breeding Chinese purple sand brand family inheritance and handed down classics.

    In the new trend of pot making and pottery carving fashion change, pottery carving masters began to make calligraphy or painting on purple sand tea pot. The elegant painting and calligraphy, the powerful knife method, the rigorous law of landscape figures, and the tea pot name carving bring out the best in each other, forming a unique purple sand art of the Republic of China that combines poetry, calligraphy and printing. It not only contains the refined life of that era, but also embodies the superb skills and spiritual aesthetics of zisha potters, thus enhancing the artistic charm of Zisha tea pot and winning the favor of the upper class of the Society in the Republic of China.





    In terms of decoration techniques, Yixing purple ware at this time inherited the style formed in the early 19th century, and combined the two by copying famous paintings and calligraphy of different fonts. For example, inscriptions on stone tablets and copies of zhongding texts were popular at that time, patterns on ancient coins and bricks in the Qin and Han dynasties were also popular in the purple sand market.

    In the 14th year of the Republic of China (1925), Wu Hanwen set up another branch of "Wu Desheng" in Shanghai, mainly selling purple sand products.

    If "Wu Desheng" represents the period of the republic of China yixing purple sand in silence after a major awakening in the late qing dynasty and recovery, be on behalf of the Chinese violet arenaceous to flourish in the whole of the 20th century, one of the famous purple firms from oh "international brand" created since the 20 s, 30 years in the 20th century, is the height of the development and prosperity of Chinese violet arenaceous brand, "Jinding trademark" as a hundred years of Chinese purple sand family heritage brand, with classic enrichment, on behalf of and highlight the era of purple sand brand prosperity.

    4 费城万国博览会金奖


    4 Gold Medal at Philadelphia World's Fair

    According to Mr. Yang Shiming, the author of Historical Events of Purple Sand in the Republic of China, hu Rongmiao, a veteran traditional Chinese medicine doctor of Beitang Hospital, found in the "old paper heap" in Yang Envy Wonders published in April of the republic of China (1935), there is a precious historical record of Yixing Purple sand winning awards in the World Expo. In the book, there is an advertisement of Yixing Wu Desheng Purple sand Pottery Factory. Explain this factory is located in "yixing county zhongzheng street Zhongshi", and attached a "world exhibition award" photo. The English handwriting on the photo should be the gold medal of Philadelphia Fair in 1926, and the winning variety is "advanced handicraft" sent by Wu Desheng factory.



    It is said that In order to study the historical situation of yixing purple sand winning awards in the Centennial World Expo, Mr. Hu Rongmiao spent more than ten years to consult a lot of materials and consult many purple sand experts. He learned that Wu Desheng's name was indeed recorded, but he did not find relevant records of winning awards until he found this advertisement to be confirmed.

    5 岐陶刻


    吴汉文,著名陶刻名家、收藏家、经营家、陶坊主。 江苏宜兴丁山人,号岐陶、歧陶主人、岩如主人,室名松鹤轩,并用歧陶、跂陶、企陶、松鹤轩、松庐主人、岩如主人等印款署名。


    5 toki pottery carved

    Wu Hanwen (1874-1941) was a purple sand pottery carving master and purple sand industrialist in Yixing in the late Qing Dynasty and early Ming Dynasty. He was the founder of the well-known "Wu Desheng Pottery Company" and "Jinding Trademark", and the founder of wu's Jinding purple sand family brand.

    Wu Hanwen, famous pottery carver, collector, manager, pottery workshop owner. Jiangsu Yixing Dingshan people, number qi tao, qi tao master, rock such as master, room name song Hexuan, and qi tao, 跂 tao, enterprise tao, song Hexuan, master of song Lu, rock such as master print signature.

    He has a very high artistic talent, good at pot making, pottery, pottery carving, and famous for pottery carving, extensive experience, friends. He often engraved his paintings on purple sand pottery himself, and stamped the square seal "Song He Xuan" and other engraved bells on refined purple sand products, forming a unique brand style of "Qi Pottery carving".


    例如,存世的吴德盛潜陶款段泥刻花鸟诗文方瓶, 瓶身以团泥制成,作双耳扁方瓶。瓶口微侈,长颈稍内束,鼓腹下垂,方圈足,对称双兽耳环。光素瓶身刻画花鸟图,并署:“仿新罗画意,潜陶作”,另一面刻“清供。岁在甲子春月阳羡潜陶氏题并刻。”工艺不俗,乃民国时期佳制。


    For example, the existing wu Desheng hidden pottery section mud carved flowers and birds poetry square bottle, the bottle body is made of mud, as a double-ear flat square bottle. The mouth of the bottle is tiny, the neck is slightly tied inside, the belly is bulging and drooping, the feet are square and the earrings are symmetrical. Light plain bottle body depicting flowers and birds, and signed: "imitation of Silla painting, hidden pottery", the other side engraved "clear supply. At the age of jia Zi spring month Yang Xianqian Tao and engraved." The technology is not good, is the best system of the Republic of China.

    "Violet arenaceous memorabilia of the republic of China", says Mr Shi-ming Yang fei smoke bridge, published in 1934, suzhou famous writer prose in zhuang xi lake mountain land, and to find smoke fan bridge and Jin Shoumei Xu Yunqiu suzhou writers such as the travel records of yixing, which has such a description: "into the Wu Desheng pottery, spreading its master Chinese, sophisticated, arty."

    6 吴德盛紫砂大师谱



    6Wu Desheng purple sand master spectrum

    Only Yixing produces purple teapots in the world. Through the ages, zisha artists have been handed down from generation to generation, witnessing the development process and eternal charm of zisha art. From Wu Desheng, a Chinese zisha family brand, you can have a synopsis of zisha's century-old inheritance.

    Wu Desheng is the storm at that time, its mainly in more than 20 years of business, Wu Desheng production of purple sand more than the pot masters and ceramic arts elegant people's extensive participation, Wu Desheng purple sand pottery works are very sophisticated, carved poems and paintings cultural atmosphere.







    Wu Desheng has a lot of artists who are good at pot making. Since its inception, Wu Desheng has hired Shao Yunru, Lu Lanfang, Cui Keshun, Chen Yanqing and Chen Shaoting as pottery carver. In terms of famous purple sand masters, yu Guoliang, Fan Dasheng, Feng Guilin, Hu Yaoting, Shao Luda, Wang Xichen, Chu Yinlan and so on have been hired to make POTS here all the year round, Ren Ganting and other pottery carvings, and also ordered clay from Wang Baogen, Jiang Yanting, Fan Jinfu, Pei Shimin, Wu Yungen and so on. Yu Guoliang, Cheng Shouzhen, Zhu Kexin, Wang Baogen, Wu Yungen, Wang Yinchun, etc.

    For example, Ren Gan-ting, the only pottery master among the seven elders of Zisha. When he was young, he was taught by the famous pottery painters of Yixing, Lu Lanfang and Wu Hanwen. Later, he was taught by painters and calligraphers such as Chen Maosheng and Lu Lanfang.

    In 1916, after the establishment of Yixing Wu Desheng Pottery Shop, Ren Gan-ting, who had been a apprentice, also made a living in the shop as a pottery cutter. He made pottery and decoration for Wu Desheng for many years, which was appreciated by Wu Hanwen and taught by wu Hanwen.

    Since the 1920s, many of the wonderful calligraphic and ceramic engravings on the finished products of "Wu Desheng", such as POTS, bottles, basins, tripods and plates, were made by Ren Gan-ting.

    After the 1930s, the name of "Wu Desheng" became more and more popular, and the brand of "Jinding trademark" became more and more popular. Many celebrities of painting and calligraphy came to Yixing and cooperated with Wu Hanwen to make books and paintings on the purple teapot. In addition, Wu Hanwen collected a large number of antique toys, purple treasure, these collections he did not avoid Ren Gan-ting. Contact with famous artists and a large number of collections has greatly improved Ren gan-ting's pottery carving skills. His rich experience has exerted an important influence on ren gan-ting's pottery carving creation. Ren is also involved in collaborations between Wu hanwen and painting and calligraphy celebrities. During this period, Ren Gan-ting's level of pottery carving art has entered the realm of excellence, when the department funds are mostly "dry court", "left people", "left wrist Taoist people" and so on.





    Ren has been making a living carving and painting at wu Desheng Pottery Company. After the founding of new China, as old as purple sand factory, DaiTu devotedly, today's pottery carved Xu Xiutang, Tan Quanhai, BaoZhiQiang, guo-qiang MAO, Shen Hansheng, salty ZhongYing, BaoZhongMei, beam Wang Pinrong born,, forgive siu-tong, Tom, shao new and master or masters are from his door, carved boundary continuity violet sand earthenware become the new China, and most influential pottery carved authority on later generations.

    In 1934, Wu Desheng gave wang Yichun the task of ordering 300 study flowerpots. The foreign businessmen had strict contracts, so they not only had to return the flowerpots, but also had to pay a fine. In order to keep the reputation, Wang Yichun took the lead in making purple sand molding file model, creating a precedent for the use of model in the pot body molding in the production of Purple sand pottery in Yixing.

    On the bottom of the black glaze long square pot of Hu Yaoting's work in the Collection of Hong Kong Tea Service Museum is engraved with "Wu Desheng's system", and on the inside of the lid is stamped with "Yao Ting" style. On one side of the pot is a bird with plum branches, and on the bottom is "Garstone", and on the other side is an inscription with dried branch, which was produced by Wu Desheng in 1922.

    7 吴氏金鼎世家传承

 那场20世纪30年代末的战争打乱了一切,多灾多难的中国遭受着日寇的肆虐。抗日战争爆发以后,“吴德盛”遭受日军飞机轰炸而夷为平地。盛极一时的“吴德盛 ”不得不停业,原有的“吴德盛制”及“金鼎商标”印款沿用至1939年底。至此,名震民国中国紫砂界的吴氏金鼎,在阅尽紫砂繁荣风华之后,休业以待再次复兴。

    7 Wu's golden tripod family inheritance

    The war of the late 1930s upset everything, leaving a disaster-prone China ravaged by the Japanese invaders. After the outbreak of the War of Resistance against Japanese aggression, "Wu De Sheng" was bombed by Japanese planes and razed to the ground. "Wu Desheng" had to close down, and the original "Wu Desheng system" and "Jin Ding Trademark" were used until the end of 1939. At this point, the Republic of China earthquake purple sand wu jinding, after reading purple sand prosperity, suspended for revival again.






    During the War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression, the zisha industry was in a depression, with soaring prices and fading industries. Many zisha craftsmen, including some famous artists, had to adapt to the trend and mass production, resulting in the unstable quality of famous celebrities. China zisha then entered a silent development cycle and lost its splendor.

    The Chinese culture continues for thousands of years. It is the spirit, skill and essence that have been passed on for a hundred years. On the inheritance of Chinese purple sand family for one hundred years, Wu jinding is experiencing prosperity, but also brewing revival.

    Yixing Wumen, through The experience of Wu Yuqing, to the fifth generation of Wumen successor, The inheritor of The Chinese Wu pottery golden triding trademark Wu Hailong, since childhood with his father to study purple clay pottery, inherit the past and future, inheritance and innovation, will continue to carry forward wu's unique art.

    Wu of violet arenaceous technology at an early age have a strong interest and hobbies, in his father Wu Yuqing do violet arenaceous chun chun teach at school, and to get more than yixing purple sand teacher guidance, leisurely long technology process, technology and rigorous system of primitive simplicity pot, laid a solid wu purple sand strength, innovation in succession, the elegant classical and modern cultures, Its pot its skill its art more detached.





    In September 1997, Wu Hailong founded "Tibet Zge" in Suzhou Changshu, inheritance and carry forward wu's golden tripod brand reputation for one hundred years, "Wu Hailong system" zisha teapot began to become famous in China zisha circle, famous all over the world.

    More than a hundred years ago, purple sand "name" achievement of the prosperous era of the Republic of China purple sand, yangwen 籇 book generous chapter "Wu Desheng system" and "jin Ding trademark" printed money, in the history of Chinese purple sand left a "Wu Desheng produced many purple sand utensils, all the material is excellent technology" deep impression.

    100 years later, yangwen 籇 book side seal "Wu Helong system" again to Chinese purple sand "name money" inheritance, is printed on the fine purple sand pot and collection certificate, with a high artistic content and precious collection value, is favored and sought after by collectors around the world purple sand pot art.

    8 传世作品


    8 Handed down works 

    After more than 100 years, today's "Wu Desheng" and "jinding trademark" are preserved in zisha pottery carving, which has become a legendary collection of treasures and auction gems. From some existing representative works, we can see the exquisite skills of Yixing and the acme of humanistic elegance of pottery carving at that time.

  8.1 壁上花影薰旧梦 ——吴德盛制紫砂壁瓶

    8.1 Flower shadows on the wall fume old dream -- Wu Desheng makes purple sand wall bottle





 Wall bottle, also known as sedan bottle, hanging bottle, because can be hung on the wall so named. According to data records - wall bottle appeared in the Ming Dynasty God zong Wanli years. Gao Lian, a playwright in the Ming Dynasty, praised the wall bottle in his health monograph zunsheng Eight Notes published in the 19th year of Wanli: "Flowers are arranged at four hours, and people make flower companions, and the bed is full of pure fragrance. The god of lying is refreshing and quick, and winter and summer are ambiguous." At that time, the bed had a top and a pillar, and the wall bottle could be hung on the wall or on the bedpost. In the Qing Dynasty, there were not only clear historical records that wall bottles were made in the palace, but also purple sand wall bottles in the Qing Dynasty are collected in the Palace Museum in Beijing today. You can see that wall bottles are quite popular.

    The shape of the wall vase is half of the vertical section of the common vase, with a round front drum and a flat back. As shown in the picture, the purple sand wall bottle is 20.5cm high, which is no different from common vases when viewed from the front. It has a long round belly, neck, bottom, open and round feet, with a harmonious and beautiful proportion. The back is very flat, and there is a small hole in the neck, which is easy to hang on the wall. The lower part of the round place printed two, the oval seal is: Wu Desheng system, the content of the vague chapter to be examined.

    This piece of wall bottle material selected group mud, sand fine and uniform, elegant hair color, because of years of use and smooth surface. Wall bottle abdomen pottery stone fine grass, stone qijun, thin and empty, cong cong fine grass with stone. Carver skilled skilled, deep fine cut light pick fast, interesting. There are small characters beside the stone grass: Pu Shi Yan nian, signed: 跂 Tao engraved.

8.2 嘉禾拍卖:吴德盛制刻绘山水碑文“四方倭角贯耳瓶

8.2 Jiahe Auction: Wu Desheng made landscape inscription engraved and painted "Four Sides with Japanese Angle Piercing ear bottle"


    出品:民国 底款:吴德盛制

 铭文:云峰碑文 字右西峰西东字大小不一载金石志中 惟少栖息于此 郑公手书八字 阳羡歧陶镌 吴氏 枫林飞瀑 时纪丁巳孟秋之月 歧陶画刻 陶氏



    Product: The bottom of the Republic of China: Wu Desheng system

    Inscription: Yunfeng tablet text right Xifeng Xidong word size varies in gold stone records but less habitat in this Zheng Gong calligraphy eight characters Yang Hsien qi pottery engraved Wu Fenglin waterfall ji Ding Si Meng Autumn month qi pottery painting carved Tao

    Size: H34cm

    The device is a good display, square Angle, flat neck, abdominal arc such as hanging bravery, neat shape and beautiful lines, both sides of the ear is square, simple and elegant. One side of the mountain water falls, knife smooth, beautiful composition, trees and stones are like texturing method of artistic sense, there is text "Fenglin waterfall", with a mud hair color, more mountains have wind, water sound attractive feeling. The other side is engraved with "Yunfeng inscription", the words are elegant and meaningful. Ancient meaning dense, style of writing, people forget the vulgar view.

 8.3 北京保利国际拍卖公司:任淦庭刻吴德盛制四方双色筒瓶(一对)

8.3 Beijing Poly International Auction Company: Ren Gan-ting carved Wu Desheng Four-sided two-color cylinder (a pair)






    "Wu Desheng makes" money: purple sand is bulk with teapot, and this pair of cylinder bottle is display good implement however, its modelling is consistent, all is square mouth, straight wall deep abdomen, bottom bear four feet, modelling is neat and line is beautiful, not purple sand master place cannot be also.

    The two are matched with calligraphy and painting as decoration, in the opposite two sides of the folding branches and flowers, smooth brushwork, exquisite composition, branches and leaves and rocks seem to have texped method of artistic sense, such as one of the bottles in the white above the flowers fall "Fu Long Ren Xun write", and "gargle Shi Shi", next to the "pottery" word printing; The rest of the wall is the book poem "ten thousand stacked yunshan for the painting, a court repair bamboo collar Chunlan", "frost milli fly out of the jade Linglong, bone natural gao Shi feng. Smell said ridge head spring letter early, who knows to ink forest first. Bo Tao and engraved ", "call long geng smoke plant yao grass, move crane under the cloud sleep ancient pine. Nonxu summer on Ba Tao ", "pro to Luofu with moon mark, to spend as cold frost root flow. Huanghua gradually by the west wind old, waiting for the transmission of yunxiang back □跂 pottery." The writing is elegant. The bottom of this pair of cylinders has "Wu Desheng system" minus diyang seal style.

    About Brand History

    Vast history of brand strategy led to project the brand history learning founder zhu is always compiled by brand, recording and contemporary all kinds of ancient and modern, Chinese and foreign urban public brand, brand, industry brand, product brand, brand characters, to specialization, spectrum, systematism and biographies, comb, cataloging, collection, study, advantageous brand origin, context, It aims to form the brand development pedigree of each region and industry in a complete sense, build a successful brand with brand history, and encourage itself with history. The collection of food brand history, Purple sand brand history, tea brand history, medical brand history, health brand history and character brand is in progress.

关于我们 | 免责声明 | 隐私保护 | 法律顾问 | 联系我们
艺星网 版权所有 冀ICP备19031654号-1