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在清朝康熙年间价值万金的墨地素三彩为何物?

In the qing dynasty kangxi years worth of ten thousand gold modisu tricolor for what?



中国艺星网/编发/愉快

Chinese art star/editor/happy


作者/江帆

By jiang fan



旅法艺术家 收藏家江帆先生

Mr. Jiang fan, artist collector in France


什么是墨地素三彩?旅法艺术家、收藏家江帆以一件唯一的康熙墨地素三彩蒜头瓶实物孤品解开迷底 ! 康熙墨地素三彩一直是陶瓷界的未解之谜,康熙墨地素三彩为何称之为墨地素三彩,至今也没有任何相关定论。

What is a Mexican tricolor? Artist in France, collectors jiangfan with a unique kangxi ink tricolor garlic bottle of real objects to unlock the mystery! Kangxi modisu tricolor has always been an unsolved mystery in the ceramic field. Why kangxi modisu tricolor is called modisu tricolor is still unknown.


下图为实物照片一睹它的风采!

Below is a photo of the real thing to see it!



清朝康熙年间价值万金的墨地素三彩欣赏

Qing dynasty kangxi years worth of ten thousand gold modisu tricolor appreciation


素三彩中以墨地最为名贵,制作时,先在器物上施以绿釉,复施黑釉即为光亮鲜明的墨地,是其特有的色泽;再以泛紫的深黑笔迹勾描禽鸟、花卉等图案,留白纹饰范围处施以黄、紫、绿等色釉,方始一器,工艺繁缛之极,故后世殊不敢造仿。

The most precious element in the three colors is the ink ground. When making, green glaze is first applied to the utensils, and black glaze is the bright and bright ink ground, which is its unique color and luster. Then, the deep black handwriting of the extensive purple was used to draw birds, flowers and other patterns. The white pattern was applied with yellow, purple and green glazes in the range of decoration.



清朝康熙年间价值万金的墨地素三彩欣赏

Qing dynasty kangxi years worth of ten thousand gold modisu tricolor appreciation


西人目为三彩,每一只动辄万余金”。我们再证诸《饮流斋》的论说:“茄黄绿三色绘成花纹者,谓之素三彩,以墨地为最贵……西人嗜此,身价极高,一瓶之值,辄以万金,以怪兽为奇特,人物次之,若花鸟价亦不赀也。”据陶瓷鉴定大师耿宝昌回忆,20世纪50年代,国家文物局、故宫博物院曾下文在全国各地征集搜寻素三彩器物,但所获甚微。据琉璃厂老人回忆,真品康熙素三彩大件在民国时期就已罕见,尤其是康熙黑地素三彩,即便是一件残口的大瓶,当时就可值1万大洋,足见其之贵重。

Western eyes for the tri-colored, each more than ten thousand gold. We re-prove the theory of "drinking and flowing fast" : "the three colors of eggplant, yellow and green, are painted with patterns. Western people are fond of it, and their price is very high. A bottle of it is worth ten thousand gold. In the 1950s, the state administration of cultural heritage and the Palace Museum went around the country to collect and search for su-colored tri-colored objects, with little success, according to the porcelain expert geng baochang. According to liu lichang old memories, the original kang xi su tricolor in the period of the republic of China has been rare, especially the kang xi black element tricolor, even if it is a residual bottle, then can be worth 10,000 dollars, which shows its valuable.



清朝康熙年间价值万金的墨地素三彩欣赏

Qing dynasty kangxi years worth of ten thousand gold modisu tricolor appreciation


清末民初时期,墨地素三彩器多为欧美诸国所夺,令国人所憾。据北京故宫博物院刘炜在《中国文物世界》第七十三期上发表的一篇文章中谈到: “法国卢浮宫等处就陈列有我国康熙墨地素三彩大花觚,棒捶瓶等等,令人遗憾的是目前国内完整器却甚为罕见”。

At the end of qing dynasty and the beginning of republic of China, most of the Mexican tricolor ware was taken by European and American countries, which made Chinese people regret. According to an article published by liu wei of the Palace Museum in Beijing in the 73rd issue of the world of Chinese cultural relics, "there are places like the Louvre in France, such as the big colored gu with kangxi modisu tricolor, and the hammer bottle, etc. It is regrettable that the complete domestic vessels are rare at present".



清朝康熙年间价值万金的墨地素三彩欣赏

Qing dynasty kangxi years worth of ten thousand gold modisu tricolor appreciation


据《明清瓷器鉴定》载:“墨地素三彩是康熙三彩中最名贵的一种……目前康熙墨地素三彩国内少见,有些已于早年流散到欧美一些国家。如法国卢浮宫等处就陈列有我国康熙墨地素三彩大花觚、大棒槌瓶、大观音尊等,连一些仿品和残破之器也为法国人所爱好并大量收集。”根据二位的论述国内已无整器大器收藏。国外博物馆藏有数件我国康窑墨地素三彩的瓷器,而我们国家自己博物馆反倒付诸阙如。

According to "appraisal of Ming and qing porcelain" carry: "ink element tricolor is the most precious one of the kangxi tricolor... At present, kangxi modisu tricolor is rare in China, some of which have been scattered to some European and American countries in their early years. For example, the French Louvre museum and other places display our kangxi ink tricolor gu, big stick bottle, big guanyin zun and so on, even some imitation and broken vessels are also the French love and a large number of collections. According to their discussion, there is no large collection of integrators in China. There are several pieces of China's kangyao ink terracotta tri-colored porcelain in the foreign museum collection, but none in our national museum.



清朝康熙年间价值万金的墨地素三彩欣赏

Qing dynasty kangxi years worth of ten thousand gold modisu tricolor appreciation


据《文物鉴定与鉴赏》1期,双轨鉴析《欧美墨地五彩年代之争》一文中,说到关于康熙墨地五彩的年代之争在欧美国家已持续近40年了,我们国家自己的东西只是因为无标准器学习、研究,故关于它的学术讨论都在欧美国家举行,作为学瓷者,想想还真是悲哀!这既是一件憾事,也是过去我瓷学家在无标准器学习研究下难于涉猎的客观原因。这只康熙墨地素三彩蒜头瓶的发现实属国内孤品,双足双圈,《大清康熙年制》款都是黒色,极为少见。

According to the cultural relics appraisal and appreciation of phase 1, double-track guide analysis "Europe and the United States' battle of the ink to colorful s, said about the kangxi ink colorful s battle in Europe and the United States has continued in recent 40 years, our country own just because top study, research and the academic discussion of reason about it were held in Europe and America, as a learning porcelain, think about is really sad! This is not only a pity, but also the objective reason why it was difficult for Chinese scholars to do research on non-standard ware in the past. The discovery of this kangxi sudisu tricolor garlic bottle is really a unique product in China, with double feet and double circles.



清朝康熙年间价值万金的墨地素三彩欣赏

Qing dynasty kangxi years worth of ten thousand gold modisu tricolor appreciation


入宫闱的墨地素三彩由康熙到现今的三百余年之间,这其中的天灾人祸,战争毁损,再加之外国人的强取豪夺,高价搜求,时至今日,康窑墨地素三彩也就稀若晨星,成为陶海遗珍、民族瑰宝了。

In the three hundred years between the reign of emperor kangxi and the present time, natural and man-made disasters, war damage, and the extortion and high price of foreigners have made the tri-color of moji in kangyao into a national treasure.



清朝康熙年间价值万金的墨地素三彩欣赏

Qing dynasty kangxi years worth of ten thousand gold modisu tricolor appreciation


真正康熙墨地素三彩毕竟稀若晨星。但如果作为一名炎黄子孙,不了解,不认识老祖宗的遗物,那就太惭愧了。

After all, the true kangxi modisu tricolor is rare as the morning star. But if as a Chinese descendant, do not know, do not know the relics of the ancestors, it is too ashamed.



清朝康熙年间价值万金的墨地素三彩欣赏

Qing dynasty kangxi years worth of ten thousand gold modisu tricolor appreciation


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